Baby Root Canals (formally known as Pulptomies or pulpectomies):
A root canal involves treating the nerve of a tooth, better known as the dental pulp, which is found in the core of a tooth. Dental pulp is a soft-tissue found inside the tooth from the top all the way down to the end of the root. The dental pulp contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue that provide nutrients to a tooth as it grows and continues this process of nourishment even once the tooth is fully developed and formed. If the pulp is damaged by a cavity or trauma, it will gradually cause an infection of the nerve tissue if the cause of the infection is not treated. Most commonly, an untreated cavity allows bacteria to eat through the enamel of a tooth and eventually through to the dental pulp, which causes infection. The pulp can also be damaged by trauma to a tooth that cuts off the blood supply and causes the pulpal tissues to die. If left untreated, pus may build up within the root tip and form an abscess that can damage the bone around a tooth, the permanent teeth, and cause pain with potential for permanent damage. Baby teeth may not be designed to remain in the mouth forever, but they are essential. They help children to speak and chew properly. They also retain space for the permanent teeth and affect the shape of the face and overall appearance. Therefore, it is essential to perform a root canal on a baby tooth in which the pulp tissue is infected or has died.